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In this article, the one-step microbial production of hydroxy fatty acids by S. bombicola was accomplished by the selective blockage of three catabolic pathways through metabolic engineering. Successful production of 17.39 g/l (ω-1) linked hydroxy fatty acids was obtained by the successive blockage of the sophorolipid biosynthesis, the β-oxidation and the ω-oxidation pathways. Minor contamination of dicarboxylic acids and fatty aldehydes were successfully removed using flash chromatography. This way, S. bombicola was further expanded into a flexible production platform of economical relevant compounds in the chemical, food and cosmetic industries.